Wednesday, 26 September, 2018

STD cases hit an all-time high in the US

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Judith Alexander | 31 August, 2018, 16:29

More than 555,000 Americans contract gonorrhea annually, and all of them could face life-altering problems such as infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease if antibiotics stop working.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released preliminary data Tuesday that shows almost 2.3 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis were diagnosed in 2017.

"So this is something we are looking at as a community, so we are looking at what the best way are to fight what we consider a public health crisis".

While the health officials in the USA claimed that all STIs rates surged significantly between 2013 and 2017, chlamydia remained the most prevalent one among all the sexually transmitted infections.

Moreover, the threat of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea has become of increasing concern to health experts.

"We are sliding backward", said Jonathan Mermin, director of the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention.

People that are most prone to contract sexually transmitted diseases are between the age of 15 and 24 years, as they usually lack knowledge about how to properly protect themselves.

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The number of new STD cases have continued a "steep, sustained increase" since 2013, CDC reported.

Because of increase in syphilis cases, the Health Department is recommending special testing for all pregnant women in several Pennsylvania counties, including Allegheny and Indiana.

Ultimately, this needs to be addressed by public health officials and doctors alike, Adalja says.

Most sexual diseases can be treated if properly diagnosed in the early stages. The CDC now recommends a two-dose therapy for gonorrhea consisting of an intramuscular dose of ceftriaxone - the only "highly effective" antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea in the USA - and oral azithromycin. Lab tests maintain stumbled on that 4 percent of gonorrhea samples for the time being are resistant, up from 1 percent in 2013.She is anxious that can indirectly lead to infections which will nearly definitely be immune to the final line of protection against gonorrhea - ceftriaxone.

The press conference was part of a CDC meeting on STD prevention in Washington this week. Azithromycin has been used to stall resistance to ceftriaxone.

Ceftriaxone is the only antibiotic left in the world that is known to have any effect on gonorrhea.

Yet it's a quick fix we too easily take for granted, and with drug-resistant strains of gonorrhoea rapidly spreading across the globe, we could soon be forced to deal with a shocking crisis.

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