President Trump declares disaster for Hawaii eruption
President Trump declares disaster for Hawaii eruption
Inside the Kilauea volcano summit lava lake. Credit PA
12 May, 2018, 20:59
And once the lava drops below the water table, water hits rocks that are as hot as nearly 2,200 degrees and flashes into steam.
Kilauea can, however, experience more violent events as a result of something called a phreatomagmatic explosion, which occurs when searing hot magma interacts with water, sending ash and rock spewing into the sky. Ige estimates that the costs to protect residents could exceed $2.9 million over the next month.
It sits on the edge of Leilani Estates, one of the areas where almost 2,000 residents have been forced to evacuate as Kilauea continues to spew lava.
No one lives in the immediate area of the summit crater, the crater and surrounding region are a part of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, which planned to close Friday.
Currently, dozens of people evacuated from Leilani Estates, where the USGS warns more fissures may open, still remain in shelters.
While locals contend with lava and gas on the ground, explosions at Kilauea's summit some 25 miles (40 km) to the west were dusting communities with ash that irritated eyes and breathing.
"When you start seeing ferns go brown overnight, it's like, 'Wow, I gotta get out of here, '" said Peters, sitting at a Red Cross evacuation center at a sports center in nearby Pahoa. But so far, the sequence of events seems similar to explosive eruptions that took place at the volcano in 1924.
Authorities previously ordered almost 2,000 residents to leave the neighborhoods in and around the vents in the mostly rural district of Puna.
Scientists say active eruption of lava within the Leilani Estates remains paused.
Geologists expect new lava outbreaks in or around the hard-hit Leilani Estates area in the southeastern Puna district, about 32km south of Hilo, where 27 homes have been destroyed and all 1900 residents have been moved.
Authorities have accelerated the timeline for moving flammable pentane from a Hawaii geothermal plant that's near communities where lava has oozed from cracks in the ground. The coffee farms on the Kona side of the island, which is more than 100 miles (160 kilometers) away from where lava is erupting. And with new fissures are opening closer to the edge of the plant, residents are getting even more anxious.
Kilauea, the volcano that's been erupting on the Island of Hawaii over the past week, has already forced the evacuation of almost 2,000 people and the destruction of more than two dozen homes.
Hawaii's Kilauea volcano could soon send boulders and ash shooting out of its summit crater.
According to the US-based media reports, Trump administration has granted on Friday afternoon Governor David Ige's request to heip the County cope with severe damages caused by the ongoing eruption of KIlauea volcano.
The lava emission appears to have paused since Wednesday but scientists are warning residents of acid rain, falling ash, and eruptions that could occur Friday and in coming weeks.
It would be "very, very hazardous" if a volcanic vent opened under the facility where the fuel is stored, the governor said.
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