Thursday, 20 September, 2018

USGS: Potential for Explosive Volcanic Eruption Rises on Hawaii's Big Island

Axelrod Leaving Iran deal 'unmitigated disaster' USGS: Potential for Explosive Volcanic Eruption Rises on Hawaii's Big Island
Charlie Simmons | 10 May, 2018, 14:26

Emergency teams donned breathing equipment and protective clothing to evacuate residents who stayed behind to care for pets and livestock.

The earthquakes, including a powerful magnitude 6.9 tremor on May 4 - the strongest in Hawaii since 1975 - were produced by the enormous pressure being exerted miles (km) beneath the surface on fault lines around the volcano from the massive intrusion of magma underground.

Kilauea, Hawaii's most active volcano, erupted last week and a powerful quake shook the crater the next day.

"It would be "very, very hazardous" if a volcanic vent were to open under the facility where the fuel is stored, the governor said".

Officials have warned of unsafe levels of sulfur dioxide gas.

The risk of explosions is the latest possibility in a chain of events that began April 30 with the collapse of a lava-filled crater 12 miles east of the summit.

An ash column rises from the Overlook crater at the summit of Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii, US, May 9, 2018.

It may also send pebbles shooting into the air several miles (kilometers) away.

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The residents of Lanipuna Gardens and Leilani Estates were ordered to immediately evacuate, with police in Leilani Estates going door-to-door on Tuesday to persuade the remaining residents to flee the precarious neighborhood. The evacuees have been provided shelter at two community centers near the town of Pahoa on the Big Island. The residents of the Lanipuna Gardens subdivision, which were also evacuated, are prohibited from accessing their homes due to unsafe volcanic gases.

Images taken from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) onboard NASA's Terra satellite picked up these new fissures, showing vegetation and old lava flows with hot spots that were detected by Aster's thermal infrared bands, indicating the newly formed fissures and new lava flow. Hawaii's Volcanoes National Park, where Kilauea is located, remains open to tourists, albeit with some restrictions.

"I'm in the safest part in the subdivision". Shortly after our leaving it stopped, never reaching our home. I'm not a dumb-dumb. "I walked out onto my deck and I heard this sound, it sounded like whoosh, whoosh", said Northway.

Hawaii Gov. David Ige, a Democrat, told evacuees he has called the White House and the Federal Emergency Management Agency to tell officials that he believes the state will need help to deal with the volcano.

"The southeasterly flow of air may be enough to allow pollutants, including low levels of sulfur dioxide from the erupting Kilauea vents, to spread northwestward across the smaller islands including Maui, Lanai, Molokai and perhaps Oahu, according to AccuWeather".

She says the lava produces numerous gases as it tumbles through the landscape.

The agency reported that 104 acres are now covered in lava and a total of 36 structures had been destroyed.

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